Thanh Hoa tourism is highly appreciated by many visitors because this place converges many attractive landscapes, landscapes, cultural works and historical relics. Coming here, visitors will have the opportunity to visit an ancient work hundreds of years old, which must be mentioned. Citadel of the Ho Dynasty - historical witness still exists to this day. The citadel of the Ho Dynasty has many unique features both in terms of architecture and human values.
The Ho Dynasty citadel, also known as Tay Do citadel, An Ton citadel, Tay Kinh citadel, Tay Giai citadel, is the capital of Dai Ngu state, located in Thanh Hoa province today. Ho Dynasty citadel was built in 1937 under the command of Ho Quy Ly. When the Ho dynasty was established in 1400, Tay Do was the capital of the new dynasty, Thang Long citadel was renamed Dong Do. Therefore, Tay Do citadel is known as the Ho Dynasty citadel.
During his time in power, Ho Quy Ly issued and implemented a series of policies on political, economic, and cultural reforms, etc. to resolve the crisis, strengthen the government, and prepare for the resistance war against the army. Bright.
The citadel of the Ho Dynasty was built and existed in association with the career of the reformer Ho Quy Ly, the Ho Dynasty.
The Ho Dynasty citadel was built on the territory of two villages, Tay Giai and Xuan Giai, now in Vinh Tien commune and Dong Mon village in Vinh Long commune, Vinh Loc district, Thanh Hoa. The Ho Dynasty citadel is 140 km from Hanoi capital and 45 km from Thanh Hoa city center.
The citadel of the Ho Dynasty was built very solidly with unique stone architecture, large scale, unique value and uniqueness in Southeast Asia. This is one of the few remaining stone ramparts in the world.
Ho Dynasty citadel was built in a short time, about 3 months it was completed. To this day, the citadel has existed for more than 6 centuries, but many sections of the city are still relatively intact. The relic was built in a rather dangerous terrain, bringing the advantage of military defense. With a dangerous position, surrounded by rivers, immense mountains, and dangers, it has great significance in military, defense and promotes the advantage of land transportation.
The citadel is designed with inner and outer citadel. The outer wall is covered with earth with a volume of nearly 100 thousand cubic meters, above it is densely bamboo, designed a deep moat with a surface of nearly 50 meters wide around.
When visiting Thanh Hoa tourism, exploring the Ho Citadel, visitors will discover the inner citadel designed with a rectangular plan. The length in the North-South direction is 870,5 meters and the East-West direction is 883,5 meters long. The outer surface of the inner wall is made of vertical stone with an average size of 2 meters x 1 meter x 0.7 meters, the inside is covered with earth.
The Ho citadel has four main gates in the South, North, East, and West directions, also known as the front, rear, left and right gates. The city gates are designed in the style of rolling arches, stones arranged in the shape of pomelos. The biggest door is the South main door, with three rolling doors 33.8 meters long, 9.5 meters high and 15.17 meters wide. The stone blocks used to build the citadel are of large size, up to 7 meters long, 1,5 meters high, weighing up to 15 tons.
The moat surrounding the citadel still exists to this day, with a length of about 10 meters to 20 meters, La Thanh protects the outer ring.
Currently, the palace architecture, brick walls on the citadel, brick and wooden parts have collapsed, destroyed, the citadel has also been partially eroded, but the overall architecture still exists. .
A great mystery related to the Ho Dynasty citadel is the disappearance of a dragon's head on a pair of dragons - a design meticulously carved inside the citadel. The stone dragon statues are considered by scientists to be among the largest and most beautiful dragon statues left in Vietnam. Possessing a body shape that gradually tapered towards the tail, curved in seven segments, covered with scales, this pair of stone dragons carried a special carved art value during the flourishing of the Tran dynasty.
The Citadel of the Ho Dynasty converges the cultural criteria set forth by UNESCO. That is the value of humanity, the contribution to the development of architecture, art sculpture... The citadel of the Ho Dynasty was recognized by UNESCO as a cultural heritage of the world in 2011. Currently, this work is included in the list. ranked list of 62 special national monuments.
The citadel of the Ho Dynasty bears an outstanding cultural imprint of a culture that is highly appreciated by history books. The citadel is highly appreciated for its unique stone block construction technique in Vietnam in particular and in Southeast Asia in general from the late 14th century to the early 15th century. This is worthy of a destination for tourists to visit and enjoy. experience
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